Contact for info :


How to become a government teacher in India



teacher, property, plant


Are you eager to become a government teacher in India and make a difference in the lives of students? Discover the comprehensive guide to fulfilling your dream career, covering essential steps, qualifications, and FAQs. Becoming a government teacher in India is not just a job; it’s a noble calling to shape the future of our nation. It’s a path to inspire, educate, and make a lasting impact on young minds. If you aspire to embark on this rewarding journey, you’re in the right place. In this article, we’ll walk you through the intricate process of becoming a government teacher in India, step by step.

1. Setting Your Goal

Your journey begins with a clear goal. Before delving into the specifics, ask yourself why you want to become a government teacher. Is it the passion for teaching, the love for knowledge, or the desire to contribute to society? Define your motivation; it will drive you through the challenging path ahead.

2. Understanding the Eligibility Criteria

To become a government teacher in India, you must meet certain eligibility criteria. These typically include:

  • Educational Qualifications: A bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed) or a related field is essential. Some states may require additional qualifications.
  • Age Limit: The maximum age limit for most teaching positions is around 35-40 years.
  • Teacher Eligibility Test (TET): Clearing the TET is mandatory in most states.

3. Pursuing Higher Education

While a bachelor’s degree is the minimum requirement, a master’s degree can enhance your prospects. Consider pursuing a Master of Education (M.Ed) or a postgraduate degree in your chosen subject to stand out in the competitive landscape. Higher Education is an important factor of being a government teacher in India

4. Choosing Your Specialization

Government teaching positions often require subject-specific expertise. Specialize in a subject that aligns with your passion and strengths. Whether it’s mathematics, science, history, or languages, your expertise will be your greatest asset.

5. Enrolling in a Teacher Training Program

Enroll in a reputable teacher training program to hone your teaching skills. This practical training will prepare you for the classroom environment and improve your pedagogical techniques.

6. Cracking the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET)

Passing the TET is a crucial step. It’s a mandatory examination that assesses your teaching aptitude and subject knowledge. Prepare rigorously with TET-specific study materials and previous year’s question papers.

7. Pursuing a Bachelor’s in Education (B.Ed)

A B.Ed degree is a common prerequisite for government teaching jobs. Ensure you choose a recognized institution for your B.Ed to meet the eligibility criteria.

8. Building Teaching Experience

Gain teaching experience through internships, part-time positions, or volunteer work. Practical exposure will refine your skills and make you a more attractive candidate.

9. Staying Informed About Government Job Notifications

Keep a keen eye on government job notifications. Follow educational and job portals, subscribe to newsletters, and stay connected with educators to receive updates about teaching vacancies.

10. Applying for Government Teacher Vacancies in India

When a teaching position opens, submit a well-prepared application. Craft a compelling resume highlighting your qualifications, experience, and achievements. Tailor your application to the specific job requirements.

11. Acing the Interview

Prepare meticulously for the interview. Research common interview questions, practice your responses, and showcase your passion for teaching and your subject.

12. Joining a Government Teacher Training Program

If you pass the interview, you’ll likely join a government teacher training program. This intensive program will equip you with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in your role.

13. Navigating the Probation Period

Government teaching positions often have a probationary period. During this time, you’ll be closely monitored to ensure your performance meets the required standards.

14. Continuing Professional Development

Teaching is a lifelong learning journey. Stay updated with the latest teaching methodologies, attend workshops, and pursue further education to enhance your skills.

15. Fostering a Positive Learning Environment

As a government teacher, your role extends beyond the curriculum. Create a nurturing and inclusive classroom environment that fosters creativity, critical thinking, and holistic development.

16. Empathy and Communication

Effective communication and empathy are vital in teaching. Understand your students’ needs, listen to their concerns, and provide guidance and support.

17. Dealing with Challenges

Teaching can be challenging. Be prepared to handle diverse student backgrounds, discipline issues, and curriculum changes with resilience and adaptability.

18. Promoting Extracurricular Activities

Encourage students to participate in extracurricular activities. These experiences can shape their character and provide a well-rounded education.

Is there any specific specialization or subject preference for government teaching jobs?

Yes, there is often a specific specialization or subject preference for government teaching jobs in India. The subject preference can vary depending on the level of teaching and the state’s educational requirements. Here’s a general overview:

  1. Primary and Elementary Levels: At the primary and elementary levels, government teaching jobs often require candidates to have a general education background with a focus on subjects like Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Languages (English, Hindi, or the state’s official language).
  2. Secondary and Higher Secondary Levels: For secondary and higher secondary teaching positions, there is usually a subject-specific preference. Candidates are expected to have a deep knowledge of the subject they intend to teach. Common subjects include Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Geography, Economics, and Languages.
  3. Physical Education: Positions related to physical education may require candidates to have a degree or specialization in Physical Education and Sports Sciences.


  1. Vocational Education: In certain cases, government teaching jobs may focus on vocational subjects, such as technical education, where candidates should have relevant qualifications and expertise in specific trades.
  2. Music, Arts, and Crafts: For positions related to music, arts, and crafts, candidates with specialized degrees or training in these fields may be preferred.
  3. Foreign Languages: In schools that offer foreign language education, proficiency in foreign languages like French, German, Spanish, or Chinese may be a requirement.
  4. Computer Science and Information Technology: With the increasing emphasis on technology education, government teaching positions in computer science and IT often require specialized degrees or certifications in these fields.
  5. Physical Education: For roles related to physical education and sports coaching, candidates may need a degree or certification in physical education, along with relevant sports coaching qualifications.

It’s important to note that the subject preferences can vary from state to state and from one educational institution to another. Candidates interested in government teaching jobs should carefully review the official job notifications issued by the respective recruiting authorities to understand the specific subject requirements for the positions they are interested in.

FAQs on How to become a government teacher in India

Q: What is the average salary of a government teacher in India? A: Salaries vary by state and level of education, but it generally ranges from INR 25,000 to INR 50,000 per month.

Q: Can I become a government teacher with a degree in arts?

A: Yes, you can become a government teacher with an arts degree, provided you meet the eligibility criteria and pass the necessary tests.

Q: Is the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) the same in all states?

A: No, each state conducts its own TET, so the syllabus and exam pattern may differ.

Q: Are there any age restrictions for government teaching jobs?

A: Most government teaching positions have an age limit, usually between 35 and 40 years, but this can vary by state and category.

Q: How can I prepare for the TET effectively?

A: To prepare for the TET, use official study materials, previous year’s question papers, and consider joining a coaching program for guidance.

Q: What skills make a great government teacher?

A: Great government teachers possess a deep knowledge of their subject, excellent communication skills, patience, empathy, and a passion for teaching.


Becoming a government teacher in India is a pleasant and decent journey. It requires dedication, continuous learning, and a genuine passion for education. As you embark on this path, remember that you are not just imparting knowledge; you are shaping the future of our nation. Stay committed, keep learning, and inspire the minds of tomorrow.