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How to become a government teacher in Sri Lanka



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Are you aspiring to become a government teacher in Sri Lanka? Discover the comprehensive guide that outlines the steps, qualifications, and FAQs on this rewarding career path.


Becoming a government teacher in Sri Lanka is not just a job; it’s a noble calling that empowers you to shape the future of the nation. This comprehensive guide will walk you about education and dream of becoming a successful well organized government teacher in Sri Lanka. From the essential qualifications to the application process, we’ve got you covered.

Let’s dive into the details:

1. Understanding the Role

What Does a Government Teacher Do?

Government teachers in Sri Lanka play a vital role in educating the nation’s youth. They are responsible for delivering the national curriculum, fostering critical thinking, and nurturing a love for learning among students.

2. Educational Requirements

Academic Qualifications

To embark on the path of becoming a government teacher, you must have a Bachelor’s degree in Education (B.Ed.) from a recognized university. Your degree should align with the subject you wish to teach.

Teacher Training

In addition to your degree, completing a teacher training program is essential. This program provides you with pedagogical skills and classroom management techniques, preparing you for the challenges of teaching.

3. Subject Specialization

Choose Your Subject

Select a subject area that you are passionate about and have a strong academic background in. Common subjects include Mathematics, Science, English, and Social Studies.

4. Eligibility Criteria

Age Requirement

Applicants must be between 18 and 35 years old at the time of application.


You must be a Sri Lankan citizen to qualify for government teacher positions.

Physical Fitness

Meeting certain physical fitness requirements is mandatory for teaching positions.

5. Application Process

Gathering Documents

Prepare the necessary documents, including academic certificates, identification, and proof of teacher training.

Apply Online

Visit the Ministry of Education’s official website and complete the online application form during the specified application period.


Pass the teacher recruitment examination, which tests your subject knowledge and teaching aptitude.

6. Interviews and Selection


If you pass the examination, you’ll be called for an interview. Be prepared to showcase your passion for teaching and your understanding of the Sri Lankan education system.


Candidates who excel in the interview will be selected for teacher training.

7. Teacher Training

Training Program

Enroll in a government-sponsored teacher training program, which typically lasts for one year. This program provides hands-on teaching experience and further enhances your pedagogical skills.

8. Probationary Period

First Teaching Assignment

Upon completing your training, you will be assigned to a government school as a probationary teacher. This is an opportunity to apply what you’ve learned in a real classroom setting.

9. Permanent Appointment


Your performance during the probationary period will be evaluated. If you meet the required standards, you will receive a permanent appointment as a government teacher.

Can you provide information on the salary structure and benefits for government teachers in Sri Lanka?

Certainly, here is an overview of the salary structure and benefits for government teachers in Sri Lanka:

Salary Structure:

  1. Basic Salary: Government teachers in Sri Lanka receive a monthly basic salary. The exact amount varies depending on the grade and the level of the teacher. The higher the grade and experience, the higher the basic salary.
  2. Allowances: In addition to the basic salary, government teachers are entitled to various allowances such as a housing allowance, transport allowance, and a cost of living allowance. These allowances can significantly increase the overall income.
  3. Increments: Government teachers receive annual increments based on their performance and years of service. This increment is a percentage increase in their basic salary and is meant to reward experience and dedication.


  1. Pension Scheme: Government teachers in Sri Lanka are eligible for a pension scheme. This means that they will receive a pension upon retirement, ensuring financial security in their later years.
  2. Medical Benefits: Teachers and their immediate family members are often entitled to comprehensive medical benefits. This includes coverage for hospitalization, doctor’s fees, and medical treatments.
  3. Holidays and Leave: Government teachers enjoy a significant number of paid holidays, including weekends and public holidays. Government regulations also entitle them to annual leave, sick leave, and maternity/paternity leave.
  4. Career Progression: Government teaching positions offer opportunities for career advancement. Teachers can aspire to higher grades, which come with increased responsibilities and higher salaries.
  5. Job Security: Government teaching positions are known for their job security. Once appointed, teachers typically have a secure and stable career.
  6. Professional Development: Many government teaching positions offer opportunities for professional development and training, allowing teachers to improve their skills and knowledge.

It’s important to note that specific details of salary and benefits can vary based on the government policies and regulations in place at the time of recruitment. Candidates interested in becoming government teachers in Sri Lanka should refer to official government sources or the relevant education department for the most up-to-date information.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is teaching in Sri Lanka financially rewarding?

Teaching in Sri Lanka offers a stable income and various benefits, making it a financially viable career choice.

Can foreigners become government teachers in Sri Lanka?

Foreigners can apply for teaching positions, but they must meet specific eligibility criteria, including residency requirements.

What is the average class size in Sri Lankan government schools?

Class sizes can vary, but they generally range from 20 to 40 students per class.

Is there room for career growth in teaching?

Yes, there are opportunities for career advancement, including promotions to higher teaching grades and administrative roles.

Are there opportunities for teacher development?

Government teachers have access to professional development programs to enhance their teaching skills and qualifications.

How can I inspire my students as a government teacher?

Inspire your students by being passionate about your subject, using innovative teaching methods, and creating a positive learning environment.


Becoming a government teacher in Sri Lanka is a noble journey that allows you to mold the future of the nation. With the right qualifications, dedication, and passion for education, you can embark on this rewarding career path. Remember, teaching is not just a job; it’s a lifelong commitment to nurturing young minds and fostering a brighter tomorrow.

If you’re ready to make a difference in the lives of Sri Lankan students, take the first step towards becoming a government teacher today. Your journey begins with a strong educational foundation, a passion for teaching, and a commitment to excellence.